Volume 2, Issue 3, August 2017, Page: 80-86
Occurrence of Filamentous Fungi in Human Milk, Infant Formula and Milk-Based Products for Young Children Nutrition
Karina Merini Tonon, Food Science and Technology Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil; Natural Sciences Department, University of Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil
Mercedes Gabriela Ratto Reiter, Natural Sciences Department, University of Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil; Laeliapurpurata Human Milk Center for Research and Technological Development, University of Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil
Geovana Dagostim Savi, Food Science and Technology Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil
Vildes Maria Scussel, Food Science and Technology Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil
Received: May 12, 2017;       Accepted: May 26, 2017;       Published: Jul. 10, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20170203.12      View  1194      Downloads  91
Abstract
The safety of foods (human milk-HM; infant formula-IF; milk-based products-MBPs) aimed for children nutrition (from birth to 5 years old) through filamentous fungi & yeasts were investigated (n = 158). Their analysis followed the ISO 6611: 2004 recommended for total load (isolation & enumeration) in milk and dairy products. The occurrence of filamentous fungi & yeasts was observed in 29, 51 and 60% of the HM (n = 98), IF (n = 45) and MBP (n = 15) samples surveyed. Fungi isolated present counts above 102 CFU/g and yeasts higher (> 104CFU/g). Aspergillus, Penicillium and Thichoderma genera were identified in all the three sample types at percentages of 100/13/9%, 78/11/22% and 32/39/25% for IF, MBP and HM samples, respectively, being Aspergillus the most isolated, especially in the IF samples. Despite deterioration that can cause, the presence of filamentous fungi in HM and other infant foods, can enable mycotoxins production as long as toxigenic species are present which are hazardous for babies.
Keywords
Fungi, Food Safety, Human Milk, Infant Formula
To cite this article
Karina Merini Tonon, Mercedes Gabriela Ratto Reiter, Geovana Dagostim Savi, Vildes Maria Scussel, Occurrence of Filamentous Fungi in Human Milk, Infant Formula and Milk-Based Products for Young Children Nutrition, International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 80-86. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20170203.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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